In November 1979, someone touched off fears of a Soviet missile attack by mistakenly inserting a “war games” tape into a computer of the North American Air Defense Command. A family during an atomic war drill in the 1950s. The main fears of the American people were that the USSR and other communist countries would either A) cause a war that might end with nuclear destruction, B) … Critical question: What were the effects of the Nuclear Arms Race on the United States and the Soviet Union? This “postwar” period, as it became known, shaped the world as we know it today; likewise, the period was shaped itself both by the war that had preceded it, and the powerful forces that surrounded it. The U.S. no longer fears the Soviet Union in the same way but the enemy has become less defined. ST112-WA. The American people feared the Soviet for two reasons. Nuclear Age anxieties had a profound effect on film, TV, music and literature – artists found creative responses to the spectre of destruction, writes Samira Ahmed. There were many fears of the Cold War that the American people feared in the aftermath of the Second World War, which is stated in Document A. The fear of cancer exploded in the United States in the 1950’s. One reason was why the American people feared the Soviet was because the Soviet had nuclear bombs. For example living through the Cold War, with its constant specter of nuclear … The end of World War II was not just the end of a war, but also the beginning of a tense and dynamic period that affected society on all levels. This had a huge and unexpected impact, in ways that resonate deeply in society today. 4/3/18. First Red Scare: 1917-1920 The first Red Scare occurred in the wake of World War I . The climate of fear and repression linked to the Red Scare finally began to ease by the late 1950s. Psychologists say more of their patients fear a catastrophic conflict between the United States and North Korea. 3. By Jeremy Lybarger. Psychological impact has drawn psychologists' and even the whole societies' attentions to see how widely the fear of nuclear threat has spread. The threat of nuclear war. Indeed, the harmful psychological effects may include the anxiety of health concerns of nuclear radiation, the fear of devastating war, or the anxiety of lost control on one's own life. In a 2016 episode of The Americans, various households watch The Day After.After the viewing, 15-year-old Paige, whose parents are secret Soviet spies, approaches her father. Of course, it’s a fear that’s waxed and waned a bit — right after the end of World War II, there was even a brief period of optimism about the possibilities of nuclear technology — but over the decades, it’s become firmly embedded in the American psyche. 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